With the ERC, tax credits for employers reduce payment depending on the value of the credit, according to Section 280C of the IRC. This decline occurs throughout the year in which the profits were paid. The ERC is not a tax. It's a refundable tax credit for the salaries of eligible employees.
These FAQs are not included in the Internal Revenue Bulletin and therefore cannot be relied upon as a legal authority. This means that the information cannot be used to support a legal argument in a court case. An employer that receives a tax credit for qualified wages, including the attributable expenses of the qualified health plan, does not include the credit in gross income for federal income tax purposes. Neither the part of the credit that reduces employment taxes applicable to the employer nor the refundable part of the credit are included in the employer's gross income.
The client employer is responsible for avoiding a “double benefit” with respect to the employee retention credit and the credit under section 45S of the Internal Revenue Code. The client employer cannot use the wages that were used to claim the employee retention credit and declared by the third-party payer on behalf of the client employer to request the $45 credit on their income tax return. Any eligible employer can choose not to apply the employee retention credit for any calendar quarter by not requesting the credit on the employer's payroll tax return. The ERC refund is not taxable when it is received; however, salaries equal to the ERC amount are subject to expense dismissal rules.
These rules are similar to the rules that apply with respect to the choice of the payroll tax available in section 41 (h) of the Code for credit for certain research and development expenses. In these cases, the taxpayer must modify their income tax return for the previous year to take into account the denial of the wage deduction. Many taxpayers spent the past year reviewing eligibility and submitting reimbursement requests for the Employee Retention Credit (“ERC”). If an eligible employer uses a CPEO or a 3504 agent to declare their federal payroll taxes on an aggregated Form 941, the CPEO agent or 3504 will declare the employee retention credit on their aggregated Form 941 and in Annex R, Assignment Program for those who file the Aggregate Form 941, which you have already filed.
Even if your company participates in the Paycheck Protection Program (PPP), you may qualify to receive the ERC. Since the ERC is no longer available, the only way to apply for the credits you qualify for is to file an amended return using Form 941-X. A payroll reporting agent (RA) can sign Form 7200, Prepayment of Employer Credits Due to COVID-19, for a customer for whom they have the authority, using Form 8655, Reporting Agent Authorization, to sign and file the payroll tax return (e). The notice provides examples of companies that qualify as “qualified salaries” and establishes a process for those companies to treat all salaries paid to employees during that quarter as “qualified salaries” for the purposes of calculating the ERC.
The safe harbor makes it clear that the amounts are still counted as gross revenue for all other tax purposes. If an eligible employer uses an uncertified PEO to declare and pay its federal payroll taxes, the PEO must declare the employee retention credit on an aggregated Form 941 and separately declare the employee retention credit attributable to employers for whom it submits the added Form 941 in the attached Annex R. The eligible employer must provide a copy of any Form 7200 that they submitted as an advance payment to the PEO so that the PEO can correctly declare the employee retention credit on Form 941. Yes, if a common law employer is eligible to receive the employee retention credit, they are entitled to the credit regardless of whether they use an outside payer (such as a reporting agent, payroll service provider, PEO, CPEO, or agent) to report and pay your federal employment taxes.
The customer, the employer and the third party payer will each be responsible for the payroll taxes due as a result of any improper request for employee retention credits that are unduly requested in accordance with their liability under the Internal Revenue Code and the regulations applicable to payroll taxes declared in the payroll tax return filed by the third party payer in which the credit was requested. The ERC expense denial uses § 280C, which covers refunds of tax credits and their relationship to expenses. You don't enter the credit that reduces employment taxes applicable to the employer, nor do you include the refundable part of the credit. .